Covid-19, unemployment and gender

In March 2020, the unemployment rate was similar for men and women in the U.S. — 4.4 percent, as indicated by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. However, in April, as the pandemic almost shut down the economy, these rates drifted apart, with female unemployment spiking at 16.2 percent, contrasted with 13.5 percent for men.

As the economy gradually improved, this sex disparity has decreased. In December 2020, people were even once more, with unemployment rates at 6.7 percent. Be that as it may, this return to even numbers doesn’t compensate for women’s bigger losses in income throughout the year. It likewise veils specific work difficulties faced by mothers and women of colour.

The U.S. joblessness rate excludes individuals who were not searching for work in the previous month. Since women in general bear a greater duty regarding care work in the family, they were more probable than men to exit the workforce, especially in the principal period of the pandemic.

As per Bureau of Labor Statistics information, between January and September 2020 the rate of women who are, or seek to be, part of the workforce dropped by 2.4 percentage points, contrasted with a drop of 1.9 points for men. Rand Corporation research uncovers that the gap was significantly bigger during this period between women and men with kids. The steepest decrease in workforce involvement was among mothers of two, at 3.82 percentage points, contrasted with a 1.39 point drop for men with two kids.

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